Sunday, May 24, 2020

PBS Special The Great Works of Charles Darwin - 821 Words

In the PBS special several people came together to marvel in the great works of Charles Darwin and the scientific advancements that have really put his theory to the test. Many things have come about since Darwin proposed his ideas that both challenged and strengthened his ideas. Things like DNA and scientific technologies. Even though Darwin got the ball rolling for the theory of evolution he really did not fully grasp everything. He didn’t know exactly how it all worked mechanically. He was very good with his observations of changes that took place, but why these changes took place he just didn’t yet understand. DNA technology and advancements in technology in general, advancements in scientific discoveries and scientists who shared†¦show more content†¦Diversity among species begins at the embryo stage of development. Scientists have found that many of the reasons that species vary, why some fly’s had wing spots and why others did not is because DNA has the genius mechanism of switches. The switches have the ability to turn genes on or off. Finding the exact reason for why some genes are turned on or off is still being studied. Scientists are beginning to see that much of the reason there is such great diversity among species, ones that are similar and those that are completely different, lies in what happens during the growth of the embryo. By studying the Galapagos finch eggs Cliff Tabin was able to view the growth of the finch beaks and see that the exact same gene is responsible for the beak size in the smaller beaked finches and the larger beaked finches. The difference came solely from the degree that the switch was turned on, whether barely on or all the way on, when it is turned off and the precise moment when was the exact indicator for the beak size the finch would receive. It is known however that the body plan switches are the driving force behind what genes get turned on and what genes get turned off. It is amazing that we can find genes that target specific body parts and find genes that are responsible for certain duties, or even why certain genes cause certain disabilities. It isShow MoreRelated Creation and Evolution Essay3027 Words   |  13 Pagesbeliefs or scientific theory. History The controversy over biological evolution began in 1859 when Charles Darwin published his monumental book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. Throughout most of the nineteenth century religious people rebelled against Darwins theory. There were, however, some theologians and even some priests who saw no threat in Darwins work (PBS, 1998, paragraph 2). The more recent history of this debate came to the forefront in the early 1900s withRead MoreWal-Mart Good or Bad for America6224 Words   |  25 PagesWal-Mart employees, paid enough? According to the Business insider, Wal-Mart employees 1.4 million Americans, roughly 1% of the working class Americans, this is another indicator that Wal-Mart is good to its employees, and is bringing forth a strong work environment for the U.S citizens. The average American working in retail makes $12.07 an hour (Young, 2004). With Wal-Mart being far and away the leader in big box retail, it is natural to think that their employees would be making slightly overRead MoreMultiple Intelligences Seminar and Workshop14464 Words   |  58 Pagesstarted? 4. What are some of the challenges I may face? 5. How do I assess students progress? 6. How does M.I. curriculum align with state and national standards? 7. How does technology complement the M.I. approach? 8. How do I work with my school, the parents, and the community? PART IV – Implementation 1. Key principles 2. Three types of implementation exercises 1. Learning centers 2. Simulations 3. Presentation 3. Step-by-step M.I. lesson plan guide Read MoreStreet Light16880 Words   |  68 Pagesthe  World Solar Challengewhere solar cars like the Nuna3 race through a 3,021  km (1,877  mi) course from Darwin to Adelaide. Development of a solar powered car has been an engineering goal since the 1980s. The  World Solar Challenge  is a biannual solar-powered car race, where teams from universities and enterprises compete over 3,021 kilometres (1,877  mi) across central Australia from  Darwin  to  Adelaide. In 1987, when it was founded, the winners average speed was 67 kilometres per hour (42  mph)

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller

The struggle for financial security and success has always been prominent in the American culture. The idea of the American dream captures the hearts of so many, yet leaves almost all of them enslaved in the endless economic struggle to achieve high status, wealth, and a house with a white picket fence. In Arthur Millers, Death of a Salesman, we see how difficult it is for Willy Loman and his sons to achieve this so called American dream. In Lorraine Hansberrys, A Raisin in the Sun, she examines an African-American familys struggle to break out of the poverty that is preventing them from achieving some sort of financial stability, or in other words the American dream. Both plays explore the desire for wealth, driving forces that†¦show more content†¦I drive a man around in his limousine and I say, yes, sir; no, sir; very good, sir; shall I take the Drive, sir? Mama, that ain’t no kind of job†¦that ain’t nothing at all (Hansberry pg.73).† When conside ring Willy’s circumstance, he insists that he is crucial to the company he works for, â€Å"if old man Wagner was alive I’d a been in charge of New York now (Miller pg. 4)† and that he should be a leader by now rather than simply being an employee. These quotes exemplify the idea that believing you deserve better than you currently have is a powerful force that encourages the struggle for the American dream. A final major similarity between the two plays is the fact that both of the men face prejudice for things that they cannot control. For Walter, a prejudice exists because of his skin color. He dreams of having the same opportunities as the white men and in this quote he expresses that to his mother â€Å"Mama – sometimes when I’m downtown, I pass them cool-quiet-looking restaurants where them white boys are sitting back and talking ‘bout things†¦sitting there turning deals worth millions of dollars (Hansberry pg. 74).† Death o f a Salesman only features white characters, however, a different type of prejudice is shown in the play. Because Willy is much older now, he doesn’t feel like he possess the energy or the capacity to continue making long trips. When this conclusion leads Willy to be fired, he pleads with Howard saying, You cant eat theShow MoreRelatedThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1127 Words   |  5 PagesMany people dream of the American dream. To have a big house, two kids and a picket fence. In Arthur Miller’s play Death of a Salesman every character uses lies and deceit as a way to escape reality. With this said, it is only Biff’s character that is dynamic, realizing the error of his ways. Constantly, each character escapes their problems with deceit. Even Biff remains in this state of falsehood, until he reaches his epiphany. The main character Willy Loman, is constantly fooling himself intoRead MoreThe Dysfunctional American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1231 Words   |  5 PagesThe Dysfunctional American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller In the American society, it is thought that if you work hard, no matter what circumstances, you can become rich and powerful. You can overcome deep poverty to become the richest man alive. This superhuman absurdity is what is referred to as the American Dream. Day after day, Americans struggle to achieve fame and prosperity, only to find failure and heartbreak. The American Dream in todays society is dead and isRead More Achieving the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1189 Words   |  5 PagesAchieving the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Willy Loman is a man on a mission. His purpose in life is to achieve a false sense of the American Dream, but is this what Willy Loman really wants? In Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller analyzes the American Dream by portraying to us a few days in the life of a washed up salesman named Willy Loman. The American Dream is a definite goal of many people, meaning something different to everyone. Willys version is different fromRead More The Collapse of the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller,2034 Words   |  9 Pagesinvolves the American Dream, generally speaking. Some people think this dream is something automatically granted; or in contrast, as in the story â€Å"Death of a Salesman† written by Arthur Miller, as something that has to be achieved in order to be successful in life. The play takes issues with those in America who place to much stress on material gain, instead of more admirable values. American society is exemplified with Miller’s work a nd demonstrates how a dream could turn into a nightmare. Arthur Miller’sRead More The American Dream in Death Of A Salesman, by Arthur Miller Essay975 Words   |  4 Pages Success: Accomplishing Your Dream Completing the American Dream is a controversial issue. The American Dream can be defined as having a nice car, maybe two or three of them, having a beautiful, healthy family, making an impact on the world, or even just having extra spending money when the bills are paid. In the play Death Of A Salesman, by Arthur Miller, the American Dream deals with prosperity, status, and being immortalized. Willy Loman, a hard worker aged to his sixties neverRead MoreThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, and The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald1096 Words   |  5 PagesThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, and The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald In a majority of literature written in the 20th century, the theme of the American Dream has been a prevalent theme. This dream affects the plot and characters of many novels, and in some books, the intent of the author is to illustrate the reality of the American Dream. However, there is no one definition of the American Dream. Is it the right to pursue your hearts wish,Read MoreArthur Miller Criticism913 Words   |  4 Pages Arthur Miller is a highly distinguished author. He is considered by many to be one of Americas greatest writers. As distinguished a writer he is, Miller deserves to be selected for a spot in the prestigious American Author Hall of Fame. His works meet the criteria for the American Authors Hall of Fame since they have themes important to society, are unique, and have universal appeal. Arthur Millers works meet the American Author Hall of Fames first criteria by dealing with themes highly importantRead MoreA Detailed Analysis of Death of a Salesman1199 Words   |  5 PagesLook at Death of a Salesman Death of a Salesman has been accepted worldwide as one of the greatest American dramas to premier in theatre. The story behind the play is based on Miller’s interactions with his Uncle, a salesman whose efforts to obtain the â€Å"American Dream† and pass his success on to his two sons becomes his main focus. Miller’s life during the preparation of Death of a Salesman provides the spark and inspiration needed to pen a literary classic. Almost five decades later, Death of a Salesman’sRead MoreAnalysis Of Arthur Miller s Death Of A Salesman 1136 Words   |  5 PagesGarett Miller Mr. James Mahle THE2000 2 August 2, 2016 Arthur Miller’s Impact Arthur Miller was born in 1915, and he died in 2005. He is possibly the most well-known and influential American playwright. He grew up during the Great Depression, so many of his plays deal with the American middleclass lifestyle. His two most influential works are Death of a Salesman and The Crucible. Death of a Salesman is about the tragic white collar worker, Willy Loman, while The Crucible is about the Salem witchRead MoreWilly Loman And The American Dream Analysis1075 Words   |  5 PagesPursuit of Happiness in the American Dream In Arthur Miller’s play, Death of a Salesman, Willy Lomans pursuit of the American Dream is characterized by his selfishness, demonstrating how the American Dream can subtly turn into the American Nightmare. However, Willy’s role is quite important because he often led to failure through the creation of the American Dream and the real world. To fully understand the storyline of Willy Loman in Death of a Salesman, one must evaluate each member of the The American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Many people dream of the American dream. To have a big house, two kids and a picket fence. In Arthur Miller’s play Death of a Salesman every character uses lies and deceit as a way to escape reality. With this said, it is only Biff’s character that is dynamic, realizing the error of his ways. Constantly, each character escapes their problems with deceit. Even Biff remains in this state of falsehood, until he reaches his epiphany. The main character Willy Loman, is constantly fooling himself into believing that he is a huge success. He often lies to his family about how well he is doing, when truthfully his salary was taken away, and he has to borrow money from his neighbor, Charlie. When Linda asks him about his wages, he replies â€Å"I’ll†¦show more content†¦His negligence and static personality contribute to the death of his father. Instead of dealing with problems, he likes to run from them. He is in the false idea that he can get away with anything he wants, just by lying. He sent his father to Florida, because he was acting â€Å"too crazy† for him, and he was embarrassed. (Miller 21) Happy is so fake, that he doesn’t even realize it. â€Å"Everyone around me is so false; I’m constantly lowering my morals.†(Miller 23) This is ironic, because Happy is the one who is licentious and has no morals. He tells himself anything, as if to fool himself to get by. Eve n after his father’s death, it changed nothing. He’s still going to stay in the business field and â€Å"beat this city.† His idea of creating the Loman Brothers sporting good company is completely far-fetched. He is the assistant to the assistant buyer, and he believes that he has the skill, success and prowess to attain this goal, which he has none. â€Å"Happy lives in Biff’s shadow but he has adopted Willy’s value system. Willy is unequal with his sons as he tends to praise Biff and to ignore Happy. Sharing Willy’s capacity for self-delusion, Happy wants to emulate his father in order to get attention.† (Younkins) The entire family is deceived by Happy’s lies, and he clouds the reality, and does not allow the family to address the problems directly and efficiently. We can see that Happy lives in a dream world, because he does not recognize the severity of hisShow MoreRelatedThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthu r Miller1598 Words   |  7 Pagesalways been prominent in the American culture. The idea of the American dream captures the hearts of so many, yet leaves almost all of them enslaved in the endless economic struggle to achieve high status, wealth, and a house with a white picket fence. In Arthur Millers, Death of a Salesman, we see how difficult it is for Willy Loman and his sons to achieve this so called American dream. In Lorraine Hansberrys, A Raisin in the Sun, she examines an African-American familys struggle to break outRead MoreThe Dysfunctional American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1231 Words   |  5 PagesThe Dysfunctional American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller In the American society, it is thought that if you work hard, no matter what circumstances, you can become rich and powerful. You can overcome deep poverty to become the richest man alive. This superhuman absurdity is what is referred to as the American Dream. Day after day, Americans struggle to achieve fame and prosperity, only to find failure and heartbreak. The American Dream in todays society is dead and isRead More Achieving the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller1189 Words   |  5 PagesAchieving the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Willy Loman is a man on a mission. His purpose in life is to achieve a false sense of the American Dream, but is this what Willy Loman really wants? In Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller analyzes the American Dream by portraying to us a few days in the life of a washed up salesman named Willy Loman. The American Dream is a definite goal of many people, meaning something different to everyone. Willys version is different fromRead More The Collapse of the American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller,2034 Words   |  9 Pagesinvolves the American Dream, generally speaking. Some people think this dream is something automatically granted; or in contrast, as in the story â€Å"Death of a Salesman† written by Arthur Miller, as something that has to be achieved in order to be successful in life. The play takes issues with those in America who place to much stress on material gain, instead of more admirable values. American society is exemplified with Miller’s work a nd demonstrates how a dream could turn into a nightmare. Arthur Miller’sRead More The American Dream in Death Of A Salesman, by Arthur Miller Essay975 Words   |  4 Pages Success: Accomplishing Your Dream Completing the American Dream is a controversial issue. The American Dream can be defined as having a nice car, maybe two or three of them, having a beautiful, healthy family, making an impact on the world, or even just having extra spending money when the bills are paid. In the play Death Of A Salesman, by Arthur Miller, the American Dream deals with prosperity, status, and being immortalized. Willy Loman, a hard worker aged to his sixties neverRead MoreThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, and The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald1096 Words   |  5 PagesThe American Dream in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, and The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald In a majority of literature written in the 20th century, the theme of the American Dream has been a prevalent theme. This dream affects the plot and characters of many novels, and in some books, the intent of the author is to illustrate the reality of the American Dream. However, there is no one definition of the American Dream. Is it the right to pursue your hearts wish,Read MoreArthur Miller Criticism913 Words   |  4 Pages Arthur Miller is a highly distinguished author. He is considered by many to be one of Americas greatest writers. As distinguished a writer he is, Miller deserves to be selected for a spot in the prestigious American Author Hall of Fame. His works meet the criteria for the American Authors Hall of Fame since they have themes important to society, are unique, and have universal appeal. Arthur Millers works meet the American Author Hall of Fames first criteria by dealing with themes highly importantRead MoreA Detailed Analysis of Death of a Salesman1199 Words   |  5 PagesLook at Death of a Salesman Death of a Salesman has been accepted worldwide as one of the greatest American dramas to premier in theatre. The story behind the play is based on Miller’s interactions with his Uncle, a salesman whose efforts to obtain the â€Å"American Dream† and pass his success on to his two sons becomes his main focus. Miller’s life during the preparation of Death of a Salesman provides the spark and inspiration needed to pen a literary classic. Almost five decades later, Death of a Salesman’sRead MoreAnalysis Of Arthur Miller s Death Of A Salesman 1136 Words   |  5 PagesGarett Miller Mr. James Mahle THE2000 2 August 2, 2016 Arthur Miller’s Impact Arthur Miller was born in 1915, and he died in 2005. He is possibly the most well-known and influential American playwright. He grew up during the Great Depression, so many of his plays deal with the American middleclass lifestyle. His two most influential works are Death of a Salesman and The Crucible. Death of a Salesman is about the tragic white collar worker, Willy Loman, while The Crucible is about the Salem witchRead MoreWilly Loman And The American Dream Analysis1075 Words   |  5 PagesPursuit of Happiness in the American Dream In Arthur Miller’s play, Death of a Salesman, Willy Lomans pursuit of the American Dream is characterized by his selfishness, demonstrating how the American Dream can subtly turn into the American Nightmare. However, Willy’s role is quite important because he often led to failure through the creation of the American Dream and the real world. To fully understand the storyline of Willy Loman in Death of a Salesman, one must evaluate each member of the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Curricular Ramifications Free Essays

The employment of computer technologies in elementary school education has significantly increased across the globe. The benefits and advantages of computer-based learning have been comprehensively discussed, yet it is also important to enumerate the ramifications associated with this endeavor. However, it is imperative to determine whether this technologically intense activity is appropriate for application to young children attending elementary school education. We will write a custom essay sample on Curricular Ramifications or any similar topic only for you Order Now This paper will identify several issues that are associated with the use of computers in teaching basic lessons to young school children. One of the most alarming reports regarding the ramifications of computer-based instruction at the grade school level is that the brains of young children are inundated with so much information at an early age (Healy, 1998). It has been earlier established that the brains of young children are still undergoing further development and thus it is best to allow time and the normal activities to enhance the young individual’s brain capacity as he grows through adolescence and adulthood. The exposure of young children to computer programs is thus a novel experience that has not been fully examined with regards to its long-term effects of human behavior and cognition (Kay, 1992). It is acceptable that adults employ computers at work and at home, yet allowing young children to use computers at such an early age may be rushing their underdeveloped brains to mature at a faster pace. Another issue associated with the employment of computers in elementary school education is that the quality of software programs may significantly vary, depending on the designer or creator of the program. There are currently so many software programs that assist a computer user in uploading, integrating and consolidating different types of information on a computer. It is thus possible that the computer program that is used by a certain elementary school has not been reviewed and endorsed by the school district and thus the school children may be affected in terms of their learning skills and behavior. The ideal computer program that could assist in teaching grade school children should not only include lessons on how to count or read, but also instill good morals, as well as conduct (Cassell and Jenkins, 1998). It may thus be possible that the computer program employed by a certain school was simply purchased based on the price of the software packaged. There are so many versions of tutorial software that are featured with violent activities that attempt to teach children how to count or read. It is therefore important that computer programs are designed as a simulation of classroom lessons, which will always include teaching of proper attitudes and behaviors. Another issue that may result from the use of computer programs in teaching lessons at the elementary school level is the decrease in interpersonal interactions among students (Whitley, 1997). One features of elementary school education is that these children are allowed to interact with other children of the same age, as they also learn lessons from their teachers. The employment of computers in teaching lessons to these young children therefore removes the social interactions that are important in shaping the personality of a child. Computer programs will thus accumulate more time spent sitting on a desk and staring at a computer screen. The young schoolchildren will thus lose significant time in playing and interacting with other children. Computer-based learning may also decrease the opportunities for a young child to learn the concept of cause and effect, which is strongly linked to social exchange with other children. It is generally observed that compassion is often learned at children and this is mainly through seeing what happens when one child is affected by a particular stimulus in the environment. In the case of employment of computers in elementary schools, children will be left with less time interacting with children and thus they might not learn how to appropriately interact with other people. The effect of this setting may not be immediately seen unless they have already grown older as full adults (Whitley, 1997). Another issue associated with computer programs in the elementary school level is gender difference in the use and appreciation of computers (Barker and Aspray, 2006). According to earlier reports, grade school-age boys are more comfortable in using computers than girls, thus reflecting the concept of male dominance in computer technology use (Butler, 2000). This gender difference may therefore affect the performance and learning capacity of the female school children, as these do not fully appreciate the reason why they have to use computers in learning specific lessons at school. In addition, there are reports that describe that elementary school-age girls develop an increase in their negative perception of computers when they reach the age range of 12 to 13 years of age (Kay, 2006a). On the other hand, boys of this same age range show an increase in their interest on computers, and thus reflect the significant improvement of their test scores from computer lessons and activities (Kay, 2006b). It has been suggested that this correlation between boys and computer use is influenced by the sense of confidence that this gender feels as they use such technological gadgets. Another obstacle that is associated with the use of computer technology in elementary school instruction is the difficulty of teachers in integrating this technology in their curriculum (Jenson and Rose, 2003). It is critical to understand that computers have only been employed in most human activity in the last twenty to thirty years. In addition, it has only been in the last 15 years that communication methods such as the email and short message service have been fully appreciated by society. It is thus possible that there are certain teachers in elementary schools around that world that are still not comfortable with using computers in their teaching curriculum. There are some teachers that would rather stick with the old classical method of instruction, especially when they have been teaching young children with only the basic lessons of reading, mathematics and writing (Howe, 1997). In the case where the Department of Education or the school district obliges all elementary school teachers to integrate computer programs in their teaching curriculum, this may present some form of stress of certain teachers that are not used to this technology. It is thus important that teachers be highly trained with regards to the use and the recognition of the advantages of including computers in their curriculum. It will be disappointing to see reports in the futures which describe teachers that are misguiding young school children in their classroom lessons because the teacher himself is not familiar with using a computer program. Given these ramifications on the curriculum of elementary schools, it is thus important that the decision and choices made with regards to computer use be thoroughly reviewed and assessed. Elementary schoolchildren’s brains are highly malleable and thus it is critical that the appropriate and relevant measure are undertaken in order to ensure good educations among these young individuals. References Barker, L. J. and Aspray, W. (2006). The state of research on girls and IT. In: Cohoon, J. M. and Aspray, E. (eds. ). Women and Information Technology. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, pages 3–54. Butler, D. (2000). Gender, girls, and computer technology: What’s the status now? Clearing House, 73, 225–229. Cassell, J. and Jenkins, H. (1998). From Barbie to Mortal Kombat: Gender and computer games. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Jenson, J. and Rose, C. B. (2003). Women@work: Listening to gendered relations of power in teachers’ talk about new technologies. Gender and Education, 15, 169–181. Healy, J. (1998). Failure to Connect: How Computers Affect Our Children’s Minds – For Better or Worse. New York: Simon Schuster. Howe, K. (1997). Understanding Equal Educational Opportunity: Social Justice, Democracy and Schooling. New York: Teachers College Press Kay, R. H. (1992). An analysis of methods used to examine gender differences in computer-related behaviour. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 8, 323–336. Kay, R. H. (2006a). Addressing gender differences in computer ability, attitudes and use: The laptop effect. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 34, 187–211. Kay, R. H. (2006b). Evaluating strategies used to incorporate technology into preservice education: A review of the literature. Journal of Research on Technology and Education, 38, 383–408. Whitley, B. E. (1997). Gender differences in computer-related attitudes and behaviors: A metaanalysis. Computers in Human Behavior, 13, 1–22. . How to cite Curricular Ramifications, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Business Practice (United Kingdom)

Question: Describe about the Key issues in keeping accurate confidential patient records (UK Law)? Answer: Key issues in keeping accurate confidential patient records (UK Law) In current world scenario where there is manipulation and theft of data, information is needed to be kept protected (Ward, 2014). Data gets mishandled when there are a large number of visits of people in one place and healthcare industry is one such place where the population strength is never less (Charlesworth, 2006). Thus here there is a high chance of mishandling of data (Castledine, 2006). A patients information is very vital and sensitive that needs to be protected. Disclosure of which may lead to severe consequences. A patients records contain much information like name, age, address, family members, phone numbers, etc. If any other party is trying to harm the patient or patients family, he or she may mess with the information. Also it includes the data on medical checkup, the disease the patient is having, operation dates, the operation results, etc. These informations should be kept safely by the medical authorities or the institution so that no destructive doings happen which puts the patient and its family in danger, also putting the reputation status of the medical organization at stake. The patients record keeping should be very accurate. It should be exact, simple and should plainly distinguish all details, verdicts, findings and suggestions (Cave, 2009). Sometimes the medical authorities find themselves in quandary where they have to provide information to th e people like social workers, insurers, relatives, etc (Dimond, 2004). Sometimes patients information is accessed for payment issues, appointments, audit, research, etc. Information Governance in UK has been produced to protect the confidentiality and disclosure of the patients in UK (Selvam, 2015). The law in UK which protects the information about the patients can be jotted down as follows: Information of patient should be disclosed with the consent of the patient. Identification of people who access information of the patient without any authority. Patients should have the right to access their medical records. Patients records should also be allowed to created and transmitted by electronic media. No data of the patient shall be given for research with the approval of the patient. Data from external authority such as x-ray, pathology should be monitored and kept a record. Recordings of the patient for their care. Consent of the patient in UK is very vital as the patient must be the one who will give the permission before they are attended and treated by the medical authorities (Hey, 2009). It should be given to the immediate healthcare authority that will treat that particular patient (Russ, 2010). This is a part of the medical ethics. It can be done in two ways: Written: Taking an approval from the patient by signing a contract. Verbal: Saying them that they are glad to have an MRI or x-ray. There are many emergency services in UK which are immediately available for the people with severe injury and illness and those are free service at the moment of care. Emergency cars and ambulances are always available regardless of the status of the patient whether he is a resident of the country or not. NHS 111, a service that is introduced in England to make it simpler to access the local service of healthcare. It is available all the time, 24 hours and 365 days. People can call for this service whenever there is an emergency situation. It is a service of trained doctors, advisors, nurses who are experienced (Wachter, 2008). They ask questions to interpret the symptoms of the patients and give advice or else assist the patient to the nearby healthcare service (Tortora and Derrickson, 2011). References Castledine, G. (2006). The importance of keeping patient records secure and confidential. Br J Nursing, 15(8), pp.466-466. Cave, E. (2009). Adolescent Consent and Confi dentiality in the UK. European Journal of Health Law, 16(4), pp.309-331. Charlesworth, A. (2006). The future of UK data protection regulation. Information Security Technical Report, 11(1), pp.46-54. Dimond, B. (2004). Healthcare professionals and euthanasia: current law in the UK. Br J Nursing, 13(15), pp.922-924. Hey, E. (2009). Keeping confidential information confidential. The Lancet, 373(9664), p.630. Russ, K. (2010). Risk Assessment in the UK Health and Safety System: Theory and Practice. Safety and Health at Work, 1(1), pp.11-18. Selvam, A. (2015). First Aid? Please? First Aid? . Annals of Emergency Medicine, 65(3), pp.337-338. Tortora, G. and Derrickson, B. (2011). Principles of anatomy physiology. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Wachter, R. (2008). Understanding patient safety. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. Ward, L. (2014). Record-keeping and documentation. Nursing Standard, 29(15), pp.61-61.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Ray Bradburys Science-fiction Novel Fahrenheit 451 Has Literary Eleme

Ray Bradbury's science-fiction novel Fahrenheit 451 has literary elements that strengthen its interpretation. The theme of this novel is the significance of a person's independent thought. The literary movement of this piece of literature is Romanticism. Through the use of Guy Montag, an emotionally distressed individual who realizes the importance of independent thinking, Fahrenheit 451's theme and literary movement are better understood. The theme of Fahrenheit 451 is the importance of an individual's independent thought and the individual's creative ability. Guy Montag never thought about what he did because he was told what he did was appropriate for society, and also he is happy with his role in society. He felt like that until he met Clarisse McClellan, a 17 year-old girl that society calls a mental case because she questions society. She ?teaches? Montag about the past when society did not fear the firemen. When he talked to the his colleagues they laugh at him because they believe what their handbook says. ?The only action these characters take is to maintain their status quo-the way things are. In contrast, Clarisse, Montag and Faber are individuals who wonder about their world and, in the case of Montag and Faber, are able to make attempts to change things? (Telgen 145).He had been taking the books at some of the midnight runs he had, but never really wanted to find out what is written in them until after he found out that Clarisse died. A person that helped Montag expand his creativity was Professor Faber. He was a man that Montag remembered he had met when he needed someone else's guidance to do the right thing for himself. Professor Faber tells Montag about how society has depended on technology for many things and that Shah 2 technology threatened the development of the mind. ?In Bradbury's novel, education's emphasis on technology leads to a culture where people understand how things are done but never bother to wonder why things are done? (Levy 1314). This type of education does not encourage the persons with unique abilities to look into depth and find a reason for why things are done. ?School is shortened, discipline relaxed, philosophies, histories, languages dropped, English and spelling gradually gradually neglected, finally almost completely ignored. Life is immediate, the job counts, pleasure lies about after work. Why learn anything, save pressing buttons, pulling switches, fitting nuts and bolts (Bradbury 55-6). This is the quote that Captain Beatty, Montag's boss, said to Montag when Montag was not sure about being a fireman. Novels have many aspects that influence the author in determining the type of plot they should include. The literary movement of Fahrenheit 451 is Romanticism. It has six different characteristics: 1) emphasizes individualism, spontaneity, and freedom from rules; 2) shows a solitary life, not a life in society; 3) shows a belief that imagination is superior to reason; 4) reflects a devotion to beauty; 5) shows a love and worship of nature and fascination with the past, especially with myths and the supernatural; 6) shows a passionate love of country (Donnell 2). Montag emphasizes disposition, whimsical tendency, and salvation from regulations by changing his belief about community after being a fireman for 12 years. ?Bradbury has been called a romantic, and his romanticism often surfaces in the themes he investigates: the conflict between human vitality and spiritless mechanism, between the creative individual and the conforming group,...? (Paradowski 356). Clarisse McClellan and her family showed a life not within the standards of society and also they are people that remain alone and not associate with society. We had some false alarms on the McClellans, when they lived in Chicago. Never found a book. Uncle had mixed records; antisocial. The girl? She was a time Shah 3 bomb. The family had been feeding her subconscious, I'm sure, from what I saw of her school record. She didn't want to know how a thing was done, but why. (Bradbury 60) What Captain Beatty said about the McClellans proves they were considered outcasts. Professor Faber shows the confidence that imagination is greater to understanding. This was proven by the quote, ?The magic is only in what books say, how they stitched the patches of the universe together into one garment for us? (83). This means that the only things that is needed is the information provided in books that help explain the items that are not explained by the reason. The plot and theme are captured more thoroughly through the use of distinct characters and their points of

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Workplace Health Safety

Workplace Health Safety Introduction The purpose of this paper is to examine the ethical dilemmas of business in the area of workplace health and safety. In order to do so, this report concentrates on workplace environment of the United Arab Emirates, and compares the position of the workplace health and safety issues of this region with European countries, Asian countries like China, India, and Malaysia, and other GCC countries.Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Workplace Health Safety specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, this paper focuses on the theoretical framework of the ethical dilemmas of the employers about workplace environment, and the activities of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Literature review on ethical dilemmas in the area of workplace health safety Workplace ethics and dilemmas Strasheim (2010) has defined workplace ethics as a corporate agenda that has required to representing constitu tional values such as human dignity. Alternatively, workplace ethics is a framework or road map for ensuring both employee and product/service efficiency. In the area of HRM,[1] ethics has reflected through the scope of equal opportunity, code of conduct, health and hygiene, both direct and fringe benefits, performance appraisal and so on. In simpler form, workplace ethics has referred appropriate compliance practice by HR department of an organization. From the viewpoint of professionalism, ethics within the workplace has assign to execute organizational behavior derived from social norms and values, awareness of moral duties, responsibilities, and sense to diversify right or wrong where trade-off between ER[2] and IR has supervised by the labor union of an organization. Any violence of ethical issues would generate ethical dilemmas during daily work life. Following are the major and common five types of workplace dilemmas that is consistent with this paper to analyze the workplace health and safety issues are as -Human resource management attributes (2) Employee health and safety concern (3) Conflicts of interest (4) Consumer’s loyalty and (5) Utilization of the corporate or business resources (Gan, 2010). Ethical dilemmas in workplace Andrews (2007) identified the ethical business dilemmas those the employees possibly will encounter at job is as and the employer have no interest to comply that the employee has the rights to avoid any pressure that forcefully adopted on him and in case of such pressure the employee would be tempted to violate conscience. Snapshot of ethical dilemmas in workplace has accounted where other than health and safety issues supplementary influences have taken place belonging towards unofficial aspects has significantly enlarged costs of the organization and in this case, most of the time more than one staff has involved magnifying company has cost burden.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let' s see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More False statement is another violence of company law as well as workplace ethics though which an organization can lose their valued consumers and hence current market position connecting the creation of fake company images has fabricated intra-official conflicts as well as long-term market loss. Therefore, employees have to be taken in mind that technically true impression of an organization could be treated as fake advertisement. The Influence to buy as well as involved into a conflict of common specified interest have greatly influenced consumers’ choice and hence company’s market image. Consequently, official ethics dilemmas have spread out like a disease during entire atmosphere of an organization. Divulging information about new product or service has raised question about the hygiene and safety of that product. From viewpoint of workplace dilemma, hiding information about harmful ness of a product has directly violent ethical act. The practice of taking unfair advantages would hamper health and safety regulations of government as well as consumers have misguided to take harmful products and arrange events outside the organization have significantly enlarged company’s social networks, but at the same time, it has a threat to increase individual decadence/corruption tendency as well as drug and alcohol incidents. Several ethical issues[3] have destroyed company reputation as well as both individual and group perpetuation while the MNCs[4] in the international market have frequently involved in ethical misconducts[5], which is another major reason to abuse company image and OHS Act 1970. To support condone immoral tasks during teamwork of an organization would create a wrong outcome during turmoil situation that balance the ethical issues and such business operation will generate ethical dilemmas. OSHA[6] profile: Entire workforce of an organization has right to get healthy working atmosphere where supervisors of the organization have to be committed on safety rationale. In order to fulfill safe working attributes OSHA has created and has a vision to ensure workplace health and safety[7]. According to OSHA, it has prohibited to force any employee to do unethical or illegitimate job. Additionally, it has also prohibited carrying out an employee in an unhealthy, unsafe, and unhygienic working place. To prevent these working dilemmas OSHA has appointed around 2100 inspectors[8] to provide necessary proactive support for both of the employer and employee. As described by OSHA, in the USA they have more than 200 support center for the business area of mining, construction sites, transportation, public organization’s employees, small and medium business organization. SST[9], LEPs[10], NEPs[11] and EEP[12] are the major device of the OSHA where diverse professionals[13] from both public and private have consult to resolve workplace dilemmas. Organizations those have frequently contravene OSH Act has lawfully treated by the EEP device. (Gan 2010)Advertising We will write a custom term paper sample on Workplace Health Safety specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More For more clarification, fundamental issues of workplace ethics has listed in following table and antagonism of these aspects has cause of daily workplace dilemmas as well as unhealthy and unsafe working atmosphere (Baeyer, 1999). Table 2: Fundamental issues of workplace ethics Source: Baeyer (1999) OHSA[14] Act 1970 OSHA Act 1970 had introduced and administered by the United States Labor Department with the aim of assuring safe and healthy working atmosphere for the entire HR of an organization. Every employer who has occupied through trade as well as also involved in agriculture OSHA Acts can be applied. However, following are three major areas where OSHA has not been applicable and for illumination, major HR health and safety policies have included in the subsequent part. The area where the legislation may not be applied are as- self-employed or freelancers, firms constructed by the employer’s family members and workplaces protected and controlled by the Federal agencies as well as consistent with Federal constitutions, but in absent in absent of appropriate health and safety concern OSHA principles might be applied in this case (Erven Barrett, 1987). HR policies in the area of workplace health safety Role of HR policies have a significant influence on reducing workplace ethical dilemmas. Following are the most suitable facts to be behaving ethically and keep apart from erroneous functions while the salary and wages structure have to be in proportion to the duties and responsibilities of an employee.Advertising Looking for term paper on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Disciplinary offence should be enquired fairly; consequently, penalty would be fair for an employee while the employees leave for illness or disability have to enquire fairly to proper compensate the labor and his family. In case of labor dispute, an HR representative should not be call as a key witness in Court and recruitment policies have to be enquiring confidential health issues[15] of an employee for fair recruitment. Meanwhile the company has committed to appoint a medical practitioner for regular examination of intoxication during working atmosphere where an organization has to supply of pure water at proper atmosphere, sufficient number of toilets[16] and hand washing equipment during working hours. Subsequently apart from workplace intoxication HR manager should have a doctor 24/7 working hour for injured labor as well as other fitness difficulties, all of the HR tasks have to be consistent with sound commercial and labor Act and annual performance appraisal has to be exec uted (Strasheim 2010). Workplace health and safety in the United Arab Emirates Over the Middle East, UAE is one of the most developed countries and their one of chief occupational source is construction business. Considering this point, in practice construction labors of the UAE have suffered a great threat of site accidents. This part of the paper has focused on current scenario of UAE workplace health safety highlighting construction sites. Most of the UAE construction firms have tried hard and sole to undertake adequate initiatives to save their valuable life, reduce and control of accidental costs moreover, have tried to reduce time between accident and restart of the project and OSHA fines. This part has analyzed a comprehensive safety program during construction. However, the alarming news is that in most of the construction accident cases companies have ignored to keep accident records. UAE has developed their Federal Labor Law during 1980 and make efficient in practice this Law has needed several amendments. The Labor Law No.8 has clear vision during workplace health and safety; here also have regulation for the worker, code of conduct and regulation after injure, wages and salary, treatment for the women employees, leave, penalties, layoff, separation, working hours, meals, overtime framework, and relevant accessories have described. About accident during construction has analyzed (including both proactive and reactive issues) in the Section-5 of the Labor Law. More specifically, these sections have declared that employer of a construction industry has to ensure following attributes (Al-Kabbi, 2001) The employers have strictly prohibited recruiting sick labors and should concern on to protect their labors from injury as well as occupational diseases where the supply of pure drinking water and toilet utilizes in the construction site and must contain 24/7 hours fire protection equipment as well as proper ventilation[17] and lighting accessories There should have an appointed medical practitioner on fixed term basis to check up labors every six months to confirm whether they have suffered from occupational diseases where in the job alcohol drinking is strictly prohibited. This rule has ordered employees to maintain proper safety precautions before start working and a clear account of employee disability or on job death where regular inspection of duties stand on responsibilities as well as training attributes. Workplace Environment Safety Yes No Safe electrical connection 84.70% 15.30% Warning signs next to machinery 39.80% 60.2% Special attention to electrical connection 81.60% 18.40% Regular examination on cranes and other equipment 61.70% 28.30% Covering hazards with protective covers 78.30% 21.70% Workplace Environment Safety Yes No Appropriate clothes 60.40% 39.60% First aid kit provision 75.90% 24.10% Sufficient number of fire extinguisher 70.60% 27.40% Trained employees on using fire extinguishe r 62.90% 37.10% Provide and maintain PPE 57.30% 42.70% Table 1: Workplace safety and proactive equipment Source: Self generated Al-Kabbi (2001, p.52-53) Ethical issues Other than construction sector UAE has also involved in oil and petroleum supply. In doing so oil companies of UAE have required to concern on both working atmosphere and environmental aspects like air, water, and sound. Considering geographical view UAE is a creation of seven emirates from this view workplace ethical issues in UAE has required to include common community issues[18], physical[19] and environmental dynamics[20], educational capacity[21], legislation framework[22], international trade-offs[23], gap between needs and demand[24], environmental threats[25] (WHO, 2007). Ethical dilemmas in UAE HRW[26] has published a comprising report between UAE and other countries where ethical issues as well as current human rights scenario[27] of UAE have analyzed. In the area of labor issues/workplace atmosphere, recent global economic turmoil has significantly influenced UAE and here radically unpaid vacation have increased for which UAE government has harshly criticized by domestic organizations. During May 2009, HRW in UAE has focused following issues (Buttle, 2010). Firstly, UAE regulations of visa sponsorship have constrained labour movements Secondly, there have no legal provision of collective bargaining and that limitation has impeded the labor right to strike during injustice Thirdly, in case of worker/employee recruitment, there have no legal boundaries for the recruitment agencies and hence they have unlawfully charged fees from the employees and enjoyed criminally advantages fully in absent of law. Finally, another criticizing factor of the government is that they have scope to take legal application to punish labors to strike against employers. Whilst this report has published, Government of the UAE has faced extreme disappointment as well as criticism. However, consequence of t his UAE government has not yet either urged apology or taken adequate legal initiatives to prevent these dilemmas. Moreover, the UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs has denoted this report as unbalanced and factually untrue. Additionally, this report has claimed that violation human right in UAE was not occurred through 2009, but it has happening for the last several years. In response to the report, UAE government has claimed that HRW have denied to endorsing minor and disable people inconsistent with the UN protocol where three new Federal HRW institutes[28] have proposed to launch in Dubai in order to make shelter for helpless women as well as children. Inn accordance with the UAE Federal provision, HRW has argued that this initiative has diffidently noble, but there have no clear direction about employee wages and salary scheme. There abundant scope for the migrant labor/employees in UAE and recent report by the HRW has significantly weakened UAE’s labour market globally thou gh high profile Federal initiatives. Finally, HRW has kept question on the transparency and accountability of UAE government. Considering all of these facts, overall response of UAE government was quite upsetting since they have left a careless speech as nothing could be absolute perfect and that might be a county’s workplace ethical issues profile†¦! Comparison of ethical dilemmas in workplace between UAE GCC Countries After learning about the current workplace ethical circumstances in UAE this part has presented a comparative, scrutinize on GCC[29]. Before a brief account of ethical issues about workplace health and safety, it is necessary to introduce GCC background. During 1981, in Saudi Arabia GCC was formed together with six members[30] to strengthen economical resources[31] of the Arabian countries in Middle East. GCC workplace health and safety scenario Common attributes of the GCC have sequentially pointed below- Firstly, all of the GCC members have adequate wo rkplace rules, regulation, and legislation in accordance with OSHA Act 1970. Among these, a number of Laws have illustrated briefly as well as have clear direction during practice and few have not. However, the similarity of the legislation procedure among GCC members is that there has sufficient scope to amendment to reach a merged form. Secondly, during trial of any immoral fact, amendment/review of the available legislation of OHS has required greater compliance. Moreover, it has enough tough for the legislation authority to proper solution and reach in the right conclusion. This circumstance has mostly faced in Kuwait among other GCC countries; Thirdly, during obligatory application of the current labor Act, it has still confused that to what extent the labor market of the GCC members would be benefited for any injury as well as injustice. Additionally, there has not also clear direction on labor injury, leave, and health benefits scheme. Finally, Common limitations of the GCC m embers have a tendency hamper to facilitate OHS benefits to the injured labors at root to upper level of an origination Consequence of the above scenario in GCC members, they have major legislation obstacles inconsistent with OHS, such as, GCC members have insufficient resources to enable legislation affairs towards the common labors, surprisingly scarcity of moral standards/principles, scarcity of expertise lawyers to handle labor injury cases, and poor coordination between injurer and employers. Labors have not yet enough concern on their individual rights at all types of organization, poor government initiatives to develop workforce, uneducated person, lack of coordination along with absent of accountability on OSH, restriction on reporting on job injury, occupational diseases as well as morality standards, imperfect policies are the main problems in this region. GCC OHS committee and evaluation forces At the first week of April 2008, GCC members have arranged a meeting in Kuwait to construct proper solution to resolve occupational accident and better workplace aids. Consequence of this meeting following are the two OHS evaluation factors. Firstly, members of the GCC individually should have a specific legislation solution during occupational accidents as well as labor health and safety. Secondly, regular inspection and performance evaluation has also been actively executed to be continued workplace ethical attributes, health, and safety. Additionally, should have scope of regular amendment. Figure 1: Proposed GCC occupational health services Source: Al-Shatti (2008, p.33) Compare the position between UAE Western Countries Workplace atmosphere in Western countries Study of the comparative workplace atmosphere between UAE and western countries[32] have evaluated several significant fundamental diverse attributes[33] in the area of workplace health and safety. Western countries have primarily focused on competitive employment. Under this comparison, western countries have a clear illustrated outline on workers mental health and it has obligatory to define various attributes of workplace mental health issues. However, there have significant differences among five countries labor market structure as well as labor market needs and demand during occupation. For example, due to global economic downturn both the UK and the USA has suffered from high unemployment ratio though over the Europe unemployment is a crucial dilemma. On the other hand, during occupation labor union structure has also primary difference among these five countries. Common factor of the five western countries have focused that over the past decade workplace mental diseases/stress has severely increased because of open global economy, tight competitive market, threat of recession and increasing living costs. Other than Germany and Finland, rest of three countries workplace health problem have recently reached at alarming stage and it has around 20%. In addition, 50%-emp loyed people of Finland have now suffered occupational diseases[34]. To overcome such dilemma, Poland and Germany have begun to study on identifying workplace dilemmas as well as reduce unemployment ratios. Currently, the UK and the USA have also under processed to examine workplace health and safety dilemmas. In this inspection, it has appraised that 40% US employees have suffered from workplace health and safety dilemmas. Finally, common scenario of these five countries have focused that most of their occupational diseases have generated by extreme workload and stress (Gabriel and Liimatainen, 2000). The Health Safety Act 2008 (UK) The new Act of workplace health and safety has an amendment form of HSWA Act 1974[35], where provisions of penalty and trial modes have revised for the primary stage of HSW and applicable only in the UK[36]. This Act has also included common people who have under threat of workplace accidents. Establishment of this Act has enlarged the scopes to resolve and reduce occupational health, safety, and diseases. Application of the Act 2008 during construction accident should require following Construction Regulations 2007 including design and management. There have three major impact of the Act 2008 those have illustrated in below (Ashurst London, 2009). According to the Act 2008, privileges of the court has included maximum two years prison for most common OHS accidents, but before amendment custodial sentence was applicable only for the serious occupational accidents. Current amendment of the HSW Act has enlarged authoritative power of the Crown as well as Magistrates Courts through compel higher fine along with custodial sentences at the end of trial for serious occupational accidents as well as most common occupational accidents. Whilst employers deny/disobey HSWA legislation, the Magistrates Courts has the authoritative power to impose maximum fine  £(5,000-20,000); As stead by the HSWA 2008 (Section-33), occurrence of diverse fo rm of offences over the UK has obligatory, to face current amended trials, and at the end activist of the offence should punish through maximum penalties in the course of either custodial sentences or fines or both. Compare the workplace environment between the UAE Asian Countries Business Ethics- Perspective of China A significant percentage of labor force of China involved with mining and minerals industry as the prime mineral resources of China is coal and iron ore, which are adequate for meeting the demand of industrial mineral. Other than these, China is the world’s fifth largest gold producer, and it has abundant resources of energy and 934.2 million tons of oil had produced by China. Considering food crisis and large population, Chinese government concentrates more on agricultural production and 46.9% of total national workforce involve in agriculture, (include forestry and fishing). However, the ethical dilemmas for business in the area of workplace health and safet y is one of the most important factors for the employees of the Chinese coal mining industry as the employers of this sector always violate the administrative rules and regulations. In addition, the employers infringe the rule of safety, but the labor has to suffer injury for their activities, the burden of proof injury is on the worker, as a result, employers become more irresponsible though they owe duty health and safety of labor and ordinary staff bare unlimited hazard to get compensation while they injured or any accident occurred. This dilemma also exist in other industrial sector in China, as a result, protection at the workplace turn into an important concern to the citizens of China, as the researchers identified that each week an average of two employees die in industrial accidents and unfortunately over 200 labors lose a limb in southern China. In 2004, there were more than 16, 497 fatalities at the workplace among them 24.8% employees worked in coal-industry, which indic ates that China has experienced huge financial growth by depending on the low cost labor force, but China failed to provide adequate protection of the employees though the workplace safety issues get importance only on theoretical perspective. Employees of Malaysian Industry The position of the workers of Malaysian Industry is much better, as OSH[37] reported that the rights of employees has protected by the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994, which was passed due to development of public consciousness or awareness about workplace safety issues. However, OHS has collected data from 304 companies of different sectors and pointed out that Malaysian labors still suffer some familiar workplace health troubles like silicosis and pesticide poisoning, job linked upper limb disorders because of assembly line labor, unexpected deaths among immigrant employees, and some other mental strain. According to the report of Rahim, Abdullah, and Mahat (2010), OSH identified that more than 94.5% of the companies disclosed workplace safety information, 42% companies have control on industrial accidents, and 15.6% companies do not adopt safety standards. The Ethical Dilemmas in Workplace- Perspective of India It is interesting that India has been incorporated occupational safety and health laws for fifty years, but the government has failed to implement the objective of this law due to lack of officials and number of other barriers, for instance, there are only 1400 safety officials, about 1154 factory inspectors, and only 27 medical inspectors to cover entire India. Pandita (2010, p.1) reported that there are more than twenty six million workers who work in the industrial sector with completely no safeguards, as a result, they suffered lungs problem for silica dust, poverty epitomizes, and so on. He further addressed that the affected or injured workers know they can die any time, but they have no alternative option of livelihood though the constitution of India protected th e employees who involved in hazardous occupations by safety rules. From the above discussion, it can be said that the employees of UAE get more facilities than Indian employees get, as India has regulation, but have no practical implementation that particular law, so accidents become a regular consequence as the employers have no accountability and employees have no security in workplace. Recommendation Ethics in business is required as there is abundance of evidences of unethical corporate practices in the area of workplace health safety all over the world including the UAE; therefore, this paper would recommend some suggestions to solve these dilemmas, such as, the government should pass effective health and safety legislation especially for mining, metals, and energy sectors. However, the employers of the UAE should implement these laws in the workplace to ensure health and safely of employees, and more research on this sector would help the government to find out proper solutio n for resolving ethical dilemmas. Conclusion During this concluding phase, overall analysis of the paper has evaluated that globally, ethical dilemmas and workplace health and safety has now a considerable issue. In case of UAE, they have adequate Labor Laws, but lack of awareness due to poor educational attributes labor market of UAE have not yet enjoy proper benefits of their workplace legislation. On the other side, the western countries have under course of regular amendment of their labor and workplace legislation. However, their workplace dilemmas have mostly generated from competitive atmosphere along with severe workload and stress. Scenario of the GCC has almost similar to the UAE and have several common obstacles and complexity. At this concluding part, it has to be included that MNCs have consciously violated workplace ethics in third world countries to design high profit margin. Continuous development and proper inspection of workplace legislation would have improved cur rent dilemmas in UAE as well as GCC members. Reference List Al-Kabbi, N. S. (2001). Improving Safety Performance in Construction Site Operations in the United Arab Emirates. Retrieved from http://etd.ohiolink.edu/send-pdf.cgi/AlKaabi%20Noura.pdf?osu1170790080 Al-Shatti, A. K. (2008). GCC Healthy Workplace initiatives. Retrieved from http://gis.emro.who.int/HealthSystemObservatory/Workshops/QatarConference/PPt%20converted%20to%20PDF/Day%203/PHC%20Emerging%20Priorities/Dr%20Ahmed%20Al%20Shatti%20-%20Healthy%20workplace%20intiatives.pdf Ashurst London (2009). Workplace health and safety: new law gets tough on offenders. Retrieved from ashurst.com/doc.aspx?id_Content=4157 Baeyer, C. V. (1999). What’s Workplace Ethics? Retrieved from workplaceethics.ca/work.html Andrews, W. A. (2007). Identifying, Resolving, And Managing Common Ethical Dilemmas In The Workplace: An Experiential Approach. Retrieved from http://sbaweb.wayne.edu/~absel/bkl/vol27/27ao.pdf Buttle, M. (2010). Human Righ ts Watch targets Human Rights in the UAE. Retrieved from impacttlimited.com/2010/02/01/human-rights-watch-targets-human-rights-in-the-uae/ Erven, B. L. Barrett, E. E. (1987). The Occupational Safety and Health Act Of 1970. Retrieved from http://aede.osu.edu/resources/docs/pdf/9828c8e3-735e-469e-b2d53911364864b6.pdf Gabriel, P. Liimatainen M. R. (2000). Mental health in the workplace. International Labour Organization. Retrieved from ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/dgreports/dcomm/documents/publication/dwcms_080618.pdf Gan, J. (2010). Ethical Dilemma 2 Employee Safety Issues. Retrieved from succezz.com/Articles/business-ethics-dilemma2.html Pandita, S. (2010) Status of occupational safety and health in India. Retrieved from http://infochangeindia.org/Agenda/Occupational-safety-and-health/Status-of-occupational-safety-and-health-in-India.html Rahim, A. Abdullah, Z. Mahat, Z. (2010) A Study of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) on Occupational Safety and Health in Malaysia. Retrieve d from scribd.com/doc/22109381/A-Study-of-Corporate-Social-Reporting-CSR-on-Occupational-Safety-and-Health-in-Malaysia Strasheim, P. (2010). HR, ethics, compliance risks fair labor practices: ethical dilemmas, an ethical safety algorithm and recommendations for a way forward. Retrieved from workinfo.com/free/downloads/169.htm WHO (2007). National Strategy for Environment and Health United Arab Emirates (UAE). Retrieved from sph.unc.edu/images/stories/units/uae/documents/uae_rfp.pdf Footnotes Human Resource Management Employee Relations Sexual harassment, verbal lashing or public humiliation Multi-National Companies Anti-social culture acts, child labor appointment, demeaning work environments or excessive working hours Occupational Safety and Health Administration Setting and enforcing standards; providing training, outreach, and education; establishing partnerships; and encouraging continual improvement complaint discrimination investigators, engineers, physicians, educators, sta ndards writers, and other technical and personnel support Site Specific Targeting Local Emphasis Programs National Emphasis Programs Enhanced Enforcement Program Occupational safety and health professionals, the academic community, lawyers, journalists, and personnel of other government entities Occupational Health and Safety Administration HIV/AIDS Separate for male and female Free from harmful air and gases Age, sex, occupation, educational status, socioeconomic status, cultural characteristics, living standards, lifestyle, services available, number of cars owned Type and number of industries, location of industries, road network, physical terrain, plantations Awareness level in the government agencies/departments, public, NGOs, media, schools Universities, research centers, agencies, departments, ministries, organizations, clubs Laws, standards, rules and regulations, policies treaties and protocols Human resources, technical capabilities and capacities, environmental burden of disease estimates, environmental risk assessment and management Risks related to air pollution (indoors and ambient); water resources, and quality; wastes (solid, hazardous, healthcare etc); rodents; radiation hazards; chemicals; recreational and marine water pollution; food quality safety; built environment including housing quality Human Rights Watch Press freedom, human trafficking, the rights of detained persons and torture The Human Rights Department (Ministry of Interior), Dubai Community Development Authority and a permanent taskforce of specialists to tackle human trafficking in Dubai Gulf Cooperation Council/Gulf Countries Council Bahrain, Kuwait, Quatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates Agriculture, industry, investment, security and trade Finland, Germany, Poland, UK, and USA Legislative, political, social and economic Stress related symptoms, such as anxiety, depressive feelings, physical pain, social exclusion and sleep disorders Health and Safety at Wo rk England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland Occupational Safety and Health

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Modern Growth of Gangs in Rural and Suburban America Research Paper

Modern Growth of Gangs in Rural and Suburban America - Research Paper Example (Maxson, 1993) Street gangs are therefore, no exception. This paper examines the growth of street gangs in rural America with the emphasis on California. The US Criminal Code describes a street gang as a group containing at least five persons whose main purpose is to commit at least one criminal offense. (US Criminal Code) The Criminal Intelligence Service of Canada offers perhaps, the best definition of street gangs, describing this term of reference as: â€Å"a term that law enforcement traditionally used to categorize crime groups that consisted predominantly of young males from similar ethnic backgrounds that were usually engaged in a low level of criminality, often based within a specific geographical area.† (Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, 2004, 29) The US Department of Justice, however, notes that since the 1990s, street gangs have ceased to be gender specific and have generously spread its reach beyond urban areas and into rural areas. (McGloin, 2003, 1) Moreover, street gang crime has become more prevalent as of the 1990s and is attracting persons of all ethnic groups and ages.(Fleisher and Decker, 2001, 65-77) Criminologists typically agree that street gangs have a largely negative impact on their community and the residents. (McGloin, 2003, 1)This is because street gangs contribute to firearms activity, violence, drug supply and demand, home invasions, auto theft, murder â€Å"and/or general decline in the quality of life,† and other serious crimes. (McGloin, 2003, 2) Since the 1990s the make-up and demographics of street gangs have changed with its growth. (Esbensen and Winfree, 1998, 505-526) As gangs and gang membership increases across America, they are branching out into rural areas and attracting diverse ethnic and gender groups. (Esbensen and Winfree, 1998, 505-526) While street gangs do not demand the